Prednisone structure

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  1. Prednisone structure


    Prednisone is a medication designed to prevent the release of substances in the body that can cause inflammation, thereby lowering redness and swelling. It can treat low corticosteroid levels, or other conditions in patients with normal corticosteroid levels, such as allergic disorders, skin conditions, ulcerative colitis, arthritis, lupus, psoriasis, and breathing disorders. Prednisone can also be used to treat the symptoms of certain types of cancer. It is sometimes used with antibiotics to treat a certain type of pneumonia in patients with HIV/AIDS. Prednisone is available as a tablet, a liquid, and a concentrated solution, designed to be taken orally. Dosing and schedule depends entirely on the patient and the condition being treated. The NIH recommends discussing any grapefruit and grapefruit juice intake with your doctor, as it can affect the absorption of the medication. Prednisolone acetate ophthalmic suspension (eye drops) is an adrenocortical steroid product, prepared as a sterile ophthalmic suspension and used to reduce swelling, redness, itching, and allergic reactions affecting the eye. Although there are no major human studies of prednisolone use in pregnant women, studies in several animals show that it may cause birth defects including increase cleft palate. Prednisolone should be used in pregnant women when benefits outweigh the risks and children born from mothers using prednisolone during pregnancy should be monitored for impaired adrenal function. Prednisolone is found in breast milk of mothers taking prednisolone. As a glucocorticoid, the lipophilic structure of prednisolone allows for easy passage through the cell membrane where it then binds to its respective glucocorticoid receptor (GCR) located in the cytoplasm. Upon binding, formation of the GC/GCR complex causes dissociation of chaperone proteins from the glucocorticoid receptor enabling the GC/GCR complex to translocate inside the nucleus. Once inside the nucleus, the homodimer GC/GCR complex binds to specific DNA binding-sites known as glucocorticoid response elements (GREs) resulting in gene expression or inhibition. Complex binding to positive GREs leads to synthesis of anti-inflammatory proteins while binding to negative GREs block the transcription of inflammatory genes.

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    Prednisone is similar to a compound that is made naturally in the body's adrenal gland, and may also be used to treat a variety of inflammatory conditions. Because of the potential for serious and ongoing prednisone side effects, whenever possible, this drug should only be used on a short-term basis. Prednisone C21H26O5 CID 5865 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities. Prednisone and prednisolone have steroid- cores but their functional groups and their molecular weights are different. • Prednisone is given orally, whereas prednisolone can be given orally, injection, or topical application. • Prednisone’s effect is less in comparison to prednisolone.

    Prednisone is a drug that belongs to the class of corticosteroids which is a steroid. Steroids are hormones with similar chemical structure that gather together as a group. In general, Prednisone is produced by your adrenal gland which is located on top of kidneys. It is used to treat people who have low levels of corticosteroids. It works in preventing the flammable substances in the body. Patients with the following conditions can be treated with Prednisone: skin conditions, lupus, arthritis, breathing disorder, or allergic disorder at regular doses, or it can be treated with cancer at higher doses. This drug is no t highly recommended since it has really severe side effects. , R′ = H; Depo-Medrol) are poorly water-soluble corticosteroid drugs. To permit aqueous injection or ophthalmic delivery of these drugs, they must be converted into water-soluble forms, such as one of the ionic esters described in Section . However, there are two considerations in the choice of a solubilizing group: the ester must be stable enough in aqueous solution so that a ready-to-inject solution has a reasonably long shelf life (greater than 2 years; half-life about 13 years), but it must be hydrolyzed in vivo with a reasonably short half-life after administration (less than 10 min). For this optimal situation to occur, the in vivo Na; Solu-Medrol). However, the in vitro stability is low, probably because of intramolecular catalysis; consequently, it is distributed as a lyophilized (freeze-dried) powder that must be reconstituted with water and then used within 48 h. The lyophilization process adds to the cost of the drug and makes its use less convenient. On the basis of physical-organic chemical rationalizations, a series of more stable water-soluble methylprednisolone esters was synthesized, and several of the analogs were shown to have shelf lives in solution of greater than 2 years at room temperature.

    Prednisone structure

    Prednisolone - an overview ScienceDirect Topics, Prednisone C21H26O5 - PubChem

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  6. The IUPHAR/BPS Guide to Pharmacology. prednisone ligand page. Quantitative data and detailed annnotation of the targets of licensed and experimental drugs.

    • Prednisone - IUPHAR/BPS Guide to PHARMACOLOGY.
    • Difference Between Prednisone and Prednisolone.
    • Deltasone Prednisone Side Effects, Interactions, Warning, Dosage..

    Prednisone is a glucocorticoid medication mostly used to suppress the immune system and. The first isolation and structure identifications of prednisone and. Prednisolone C21H28O5 CID 5755 - structure, chemical names, physical and chemical properties, classification, patents, literature, biological activities. Prednisone is a medication designed to prevent the release of substances in the body that can cause inflammation, thereby lowering redness and swelling.

     
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